Hinulugan Taktak is a waterfall located in Taktak Road, Brgy. Dela Paz, Antipolo City. It was once a popular tourist destination famous for its refreshing and idyllic falls. It has been considered as one of the most important landscapes in the Province of Rizal, playing a role in the province’s legendary history and a part in Antipolo’s natural and cultural heritage. Legend has it that during the 16th century, a local priest was forced by the local people to drop the bell in the river due to its harsh and unbearably loud sound when rung during Angelus; thus the name “Hinulugan Taktak,” which literally means “where the bell was dropped.”
The waterfall, itself, has a height of 21.5 meters from the water surface and a width of 25.8 meters. This place, then, is visited by thousands of visitors to bathe or swim. It is the nearest waterfall from Metro Manila.
On July 18, 1952, Hinulugan Taktak was established as a recreation area by virtue of Presidential Proclamation No. 330, reserving the said area for its scenic and recreation purposes. It was later converted into a national park thru the issuance of Republic Act No. 6964 dated September 18, 1990.The national park, covering 3.20 hectares, was then transferred from the administration of the Municipality of Antipolo to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources - Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau (DENR-PAWB) in coordination with the Department of Tourism and the provincial government of Rizal.
Hinulugan Taktak Protected Landscape (HTPL) is, at present, being threatened by the incessant problems caused by human encroachment and pollution. Since the 1960’s, the waters of HTPL is slowly being polluted, thus the construction of a 12.0 meters x 24.0 meters rectangular swimming pool by the Municipality of Antipolo was needed.
Through Republic Act No. 6964(Annex 5), PAWB transferred the informal settlers within the vicinity of HTPL to prevent further degradation of the area and pollution of the waters, and also aid in the preservation of the remaining residual evergreen forest dominating the landscape of the park (Protected Area Suitability Assessment (PASA) - October 1997). The law also provides funds for the operation and maintenance of the park through the provisions of the Annual General Appropriations Act.
Since the enactment of Republic Act No. 6964, the PAWB has continuously implemented several plans and programs to rehabilitate the degraded portions of the park. It also constructed Basic recreation facilities and amenities were also constructed to provide a sense of enjoyment and satisfaction to the public throughout its usable condition.
In 1992, it became an initial component of the National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) pursuant to the provisions of Republic Act No. 7586. Under this Act, HTPL is categorized as a Protected Landscape which was officially affirmed through Presidential Proclamation No. 412 dated November 17, 2000. This Act also has provisions for the utilization of the park’s Trust Fund (collection of park charges) through the Integrated Protected Area Fund (IPAF) system. The Trust Fund is used to augment the limited budget as allocated under the General Appropriations Act for the park’s continuous development, maintenance and operations.
On August 29, 2001 a Memorandum of Agreement was signed between DENR, represented Hon. Secretary Heherson T. Alvarez and Hon. Mayor Angelito C. Gatlabayan of Antipolo City, was executed for a joint administration of the HTPL. It had a term of three (3) years, renewable on the same period from the date of signing. However, the MOA was not renewed after it lapsed in August 2004.
Thus, in October of 2002, the Antipolo City Government (ACG) constructed other infrastructure projects. which were completed in July 2003. However, the maintenance and repair of these additional facilities and amenities were left under the administration of PAWB.
Topography , Geology and Soils of Hinulugang Taktak Protected Landscape
The Hinulugan Taktak Protected Landscape is located in the Province of Rizal which is within the Laguna Lake River Basin Region. The park is within the territorial/political jurisdiction of the City of Antipolo, Province of Rizal. It is located on the northwestern part of Antipolo City and about 1.25 kilometers away from the town proper. It is less than 28.98 kilometers from the southeast of Manila. The geographic location of the park is 121° 09’ 55” longitude and 14° 35’ 50” latitude (PASA-October 1997). It is accessible to all types of land transportation.
HTPL’s topography is rolling to steep terrain. It is traversed by the Taktak River. The Taktak River is the convergent point of the other creeks and open canal (drainage system) from the City proper. The water flowing into these creeks and the open canal, which drains into the water falls, is heavily polluted, mostly by domestic wastes coming from residential areas within and around HTPL.
Geology and Soil
The geological features of the park are the waterfalls and the trench configuration of the downstream section of the park. The soils in the HTPL are quaternary deposits. Beneath these are the Miocense sedimentary layers and basement rocks. It consists mainly of Andesitic to Ballistic agglomerate and minor tuff. The rocks are part of the Marikina fault line (PASA-October 1997).
The upstream section of the park is visible of this type of rocks including the middle base of the downstream section of the trench configuration. The soil composition of the steep slopes along the direction of the falls is clayey to mossy sand. The rocks found in the downstream portion from the footbridge toward the dam are adobe rocks.
There are deposits of adobe or boulder rocks in the area. Physical test of the soil samples showed that they are highly refractory due to high alumina content. Chemically, it is similar in character with other mountainous areas in the City (PASA-October 1997).
HTPL is vulnerable to soil erosions and landslides during rainy seasons and earthquakes. The Province of Rizal, particularly Antipolo City, is exposed to different geologic hazards owing to its geographic location, tectonic cut and the nature of its origin. The city is also vulnerable to earthquakes, landslides, mass movements and erosions (PASA-October 1997).
The climate of HTPL falls under Type II of the Modified Corona’s classification. This is characterized by a short dry season lasting two (2) to four (4) months with no pronounced maximum rain period. Temperature ranges from 24.7° C during the month of February to 28.6° C during the month of June.
The areas receive the highest amount of rainfall during the month of October, while the driest period is within the months of March to April. Relative humidity varies from 78 percent for the month of April to 85 percent during October. The area is virtually cloudy during the early morning of December to February (PASA-October 1997).
Hinulugan Taktak has a very small area with only one (1) type of vegetation - a mini-forest. Hence, the ecological significance of the climate regime is very minimal considering that the present vegetation is not adversely affected by the climate change. Moreover, the area does not serve as habitat to any wildlife species of national or local significance that will be adversely affected by such change.
However, the climate regime has a great significance to outdoor recreation activities and opportunities in the HTPL. It is during the dry season that HTPL had the highest number of visitors.
During the rainy season, uprooting of trees along the steep slopes is likely to occur due to the weak anchorage provided by the loose soil. Soil erosion could also cause some riprap structures to collapse.
Boundaries and the rationale for their location
In 1952, the area of Hinulugan Taktak was only 0.80 hectare. Subsequent physical development undertaken by the Municipality of Antipolo had encompassed additional areas in the downstream and upstream section of the park which made up the present area of 3.2 hectares.
By virtue of Presidential Proclamation No. 412 dated November 17, 2000( , the area was proclaimed as PROTECTED LANDSCAPE pursuant to the provisions of Republic Act No. 7586 otherwise known as the NIPAS Act of 1992. The technical description of the boundary of the park which comprised the area of 3.20 hectare was officially affirmed by this proclamation.
Flora and Fauna
Based on Flora and Fauna Study(PASA- October 1997), there are 11 families of tree species within the park: with a total of 234 individual trees composed mostly of hardwood species like the Anchoan Dilaw (Cassia spectabilis),Ilang-Ilang (Cananga odorata), Mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla) and Narra (Pterocarpus indicus). Different species of ornamental plants are also found on the riprap structures of the park.
Fruit bearing trees are also found within the park such as Kaimito (Chrysophyllum cainito), Jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus), Avocado (Persea americana), Santol (Sandoricum koetjape), Mango (Mangifera indica), Kamias(Averrhoa bilimbi), Coconut trees (Cocus nucifera).
The PaSa report does not contain any record of endemic, economically important, and/or endangered species of plants and animals.
Wildlife species commonly found in the park are Walak-Walak, Gigintod, Kingfishers, Owls and Swifts. There are also the presence of Monitor Lizard (Varanus salvator), Philippine Python (Python reticulatus), Flying Lizard (Draco volans), Chameleon, local name Hunyango and other unidentified species of wildlife.
Habitat and Ecosystem
HTPL has only one type of vegetation which is residual evergreen forest. It is characterized by the presence of more or less two (2) storey layers of forest trees from the base of the downstream portion of the park (PASA - October 1997).
The fact that the core of the recreation area is located in this portion of the park, no faunal species of some importance would prosper. The presence of many visitors in the park and the noise produced by those swimming in the pool will stress faunal species found in the area.
The present ecosystem of the HTPL (mini-forest) serves to provide the visiting public a cool ambience of a forest not found in other places in Antipolo. This ecosystem may not serve as a habitat for Avian or plant species of some importance but it does provide a free pollution atmosphere for recreation purposes. This is one factor that endeared people to visit HTPL.
The plantation of ornamental plants in all the riprap structure serves to enhance or improve the aesthetic view of the surroundings of the park in a modest way for the pleasure of the public (Table List of Ornamental Plant Species).
Nature Recreation Potential
Since the 1950’s, the downstream section of the park is the place where people converge for the following reasons:
- they can see the central view of the waterfalls;
- easy access to swimming in the falls (when the water was not polluted yet);
- witness and immerse in a mini-forest covering the entire area which provides a cool ambience in the park.
There are clusters of settlements as well as the built-up area of the city found within the subwatersheds of Hinulugan Taktak with majority of them found along the river banks of Taktak river. The center of Hinulugan Taktak is within the Bulao subwatershed and settlement clusters of San Isidro, Dela Paz, San Roque, San Jose, and Sta Cruz contribute to the pollution of Taktak River
The City of Antipolo from being a municipality was converted into a component City in 1998 and from thereon has continued to grow in all aspects all local governance including revenues generated and number of business establishment locating in our City. Being in near proximity to Metro Manila, it is now the prime destination of businesses and may become another business district in the future. In our aim to fulfill the BPLO role in this City, we continue to devise plan to stimulate business growth in the City ensuring that all trade and undertakings are registered and renewed. As a result, we have seen comparative data in progression year after year. More and more investors are putting up their businesses in the City of Antipolo due to fair, just and healthy competitions In connection to this endeavor, our Office was able to generate vast amount of taxes and fees from 10, 380 business establishments registered for the year 2014.
A preferred destination at the center of CALABARZON's eastern growth corridor, with God-centered, empowered, and socially responsible citizenry living in a sustainably-managed and safe environment having a globally competitive and progressive economy under an efficient and transparent leadership.
An efficient and transparent local government that is committed to the attainment of its vision and goals through:
- The creation of a favorable climate for local and foreign investors and tourists to ensure access to decent or quality job employment opportunities and steady revenue generation;
- The protection, maintenance, and rehabilitation of the physical environment;
- The maximum utilization of Antipolo's competitive advantages;
- The development of a respectful, disciplined, active, caring, and happy citizenry
Geographic Location, Land Area and Political Subdivisions
Antipolo reaches out to its neighboring towns and cities from six points of its Circumferential Road: On the northwest, Tikling road winds down the Ortigas Avenue Extension leading to San Juan passing through Cainta and Pasig. Southwest, Cabrera St. flows to the Manila East Road connecting the City with Taytay. Heading South on Manuel L. Quezon Street takes one to the City's neighbors, Binangonan and Angono. Southeast the Sto. Nino St. links with Teresa, doorway to Baras, Morong and Pililia. Northwest, C. Lawis St. connects with Marcos Hi-way heading towards Tanay and Quezon. And North, the Sumulong National Hi-way runs all the way to Marikina where one can move on to San Mateo and Montalban or choose to turn left at Marcos Hi-way to head for Cubao, Quezon City.
Antipolo is located in the northern half of Rizal Province but rather close to its meridional center. It lies approximately between latitudes 14° 32' and 14°45' north and longitudes 121° 6' and 121° 24' east. It is bounded on the north by the municipality of Rodriguez, on the northwest by the Marikina and San Mateo on the southwest by the towns of Taytay and Cainta on the southeast by the towns of Tanay, Teresa and Baras and on the east by Quezon Province.
Only 29 kms. from Metro Manila, the City can be accessed via the Ortigas Extension and Sumulong Hi-way via Marcos Hi-way. Public transportation allows easy commuting to and from the city. Buses, jeepneys and airconditioned FXs wait at terminals located at EDSA Central/Crossing or SM Megamall parking lot in Mandaluyong, Farmers' Market in Cubao, QC. and Ayala & Makati Stock Exchange parking Lots in Makati. In the City, tricycles with covered side seats are the popular form of transportation.
In terms of size, Antipolo City is the second largest in Rizal Province next only to Rodriguez (formerly Montalban). Its total land area of 38,504.44 hectares represents 29.9% of the entire land area of the Rizal Province. Currently, it is subdivided into 16 barangays namely: San Roque, San Jose, San Isidro, de la Paz, Cupang, Mayamot, Mambugan, Calawis, Dalig, Beverly Hills, Sta. Cruz, San Luis, Inarawan, San Juan, Bagong Nayon, and Muntindilaw. The barangays with significant sizes are San Jose with 13,787 hectares, Calawis with 5,581 hectares, and San Juan with 2,327 hectares and Cupang with 1,568 hectares, San Juan with 2,327 hectares and Cupang with 1,568 hectares.
The topography of Antipolo may be described as generally hilly and mountainous, with the hilly portions lying in the west and the mountainous area concentrated in the east as part of the Sierra Madre Mountain Range. Well-watered valleys are located in the middle of the city and in the northern and southern edges. Plateaus of over 200 meters above sea level are seen in the western half of the study area, including the site of the Poblacion and portions of Barangay Cupang and San Juan. In the eastern half, these are seen in Brgy. Calawis and San Jose overlooking the Boso-Boso River Valley to the west.
Based on PAGASA (Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Service Administration) Antipolo has type I climate which is marked by two (2) distinct seasons - the Wet from May to December and the Dry from January to April. The main climatic control operating in the climate of the area is actually the monsoon wind system. The warm southwest monsoon wind brings the rain to the city after gathering moisture from the Indian Ocean while the cool northeast monsoon moves as a dry wind and comes even drier after crossing the Sierra Madre geographic barrier.
Brief Historical Background
ANTIPOLO...The City on the mountain ridges east of Manila where the sun begins to shine. The City whose name was derived from the Tipolo trees growing indigenously on its land.trees with broad leaves that provide shade while gently fanning in the soothing breeze. Antipolo, the City of pilgrims and contemplatives, tourists and traders, artists and artisans.
Rich in cultural and historical heritage, Antipolo's history dates way before the first Franciscan Missionary recorded its work in 1578. The land was home to indigenous tribes as the Dumagats, Tagals, Indians and Aetas. Its virgin forests of varied tropical trees were also nests to a diverse wildlife. Its rich water tables gushed forth as springs and waterfalls.
As the missionaries relentlessly pursued their 'Christianization' campaign, these natives desiring to keep their own way of life moved themselves into the hinterlands of neighboring mountains. Migrants supporting the missions came to settle and the semblance of a mission town firmly established itself and grew to the proportions it is today. The Jesuits came so did the Recollects.
A host of other religious congregations (both male and female) followed suit and took residence in this forested mountain whose cool breeze and verdant sceneries primed them into contemplative unions with the Creator. Word spread. The laity from lower lands also wanted a share of this haven. More so when the famed image of the Blessed Virgin Mary sculpted from a dark hardwood of Mexico was permanently enshrined in Antipolo.
Soon enough a shrine (evolving to Cathedral stature through the years) was built for this venerated image to allow all believers to ventilate their aspirations to her. As more pilgrims came, many were enamored to take residence in this pleasant town and established services related to pilgrims' needs. The trek up continued.the population grew while services expanded to the level of being a city. By February 13, 1998, Antipolo was promulgated into a city when, then President Fidel V. Ramos signed its bill into law.
The Road To Cityhood
Cityhood marked the beginning of the period of Antipolo's greatest growth and development. From being one of the municipalities of Rizal Province, Antipolo has become one of the fastest growing cities in the country today, based on annual income and population.
Antipolo would not have become a city if not for the determined effort of then Congressman Gilberto "Bibit" Duavit, Sr, who started the long process for Antipolo's cityhood in 1995 with a luncheon meeting also attended by political kingpins of the province. Present were then Rizal Congressmen Emigdio "Ding" Tanjuatco, Jr., Governor Casimiro "Ito" Ynares Jr., Antipolo Mayor Daniel Garci a. and then the Department of Interior and Local Government undersecretary Victor Sumulong.
It was also discussed that the whole province of Rizal, under Ynares had to back the move to convert Antipolo into a city. Moreover, the support of the Antipolo Municipal Government, under Garcia had to be earned because if a law was passed and a plebiscite held, then, the local government of Antipolo would spend for the exercise.
With the merits of cityhood presented, the political leaders of Rizal were convinced of the need for cityhood. In 1996, Duavit filed the bill for Antipolo, a municipality under his congressional district, to become a component city of Rizal. Legislation is a long and tedious process and to expedite the passage cityhood bill, Sumulong, with the backing of the two congressmen of Rizal, sought the help of key personalities in Congress.
Sumulong and Duavit first talked to Speaker Jose De Venecia and were able to get him on their side. Then, they convinced the Chairman of the House Committee on Local Government, Cong. Ciriaco Alfelor. With the support of the Speaker and the committee chairman, the cityhood bill passed the committee level and then shortly, at the plenary.
But for the bill to become a law, it must also pass the upper house of Congress, the Senate. Key Senators had to be sold to the idea of Antipolo's cityhood. Sumulong talked to Senate President Neptali Gonzales as well as to Majority Floor Leader, Senator Kit Tatad who set the agenda. Then, he sought the help of Senator Tito Sotto, the chairman of the Senate Committee on Local Government. Sumulong finally got the support of the Senate leaders and the cityhood bill mustered the needed number of senators and was passed by the Senate in record time.
On February 13, 1998, President Fidel V. Ramos signed into law the bill making Antipolo City a component city of Rizal province.
Difficult as the legislative hurdle was, getting the approval of the people of Antipolo proved to be an equally difficult task. The Commission on Elections (Comelec) scheduled a plebiscite on March 23, 1998, but, there was an objection filed against it. Then, Sumulong, an accomplished lawyer, argued the merits of holding the plebiscite before Comelec Chairman Bernardo Pardo. The Chairman agreed with Sumulong's argument and ruled that the plebiscite shall be held April 4 on the same year. But another petition was filed to stop it again, this time before the Supreme Court.
Sumulong had to defend the importance of the cityhood of Antipolo before the highest judicial body. He argued the case before Chief Justice Andres Narvasa, who later agreed in favor of the merits of his arguments and allowed the plebiscite to take place on April 4, 1998.
The result was an overwhelming victory with cityhood prevailing by a ratio of 8 to 1. Antipolo became a component city of Rizal province and started its march to progress and development.
The road to cityhood of the pilgrimage capital of the Philippines - Antipolo City -has been a long and winding one beset by obstacles on its path. But, the combined efforts and noble gesture of Sumulong, Ynares, Duavit, and Tanjuatco have surmounted the obstacles of cityhood. The precedent-setting act of Ynares, Duavit and Tanjuatco, who hailed from other towns, is considered an unparalleled statesmanship. This monumental act will remain indelibly marked in the hearts of all Rizalenos, especially the people of Antipolo.
ANG PUNONG TIPULO
By: Bienvenido M. Alarcon
Ang puno ng Tipolo o ang Antipolo Tree ay isang mahalaga at makasaysayang punong kahoy sa Lungsod ng Antipolo. Bukod sa sinasabing dito hinango ang pangalan ng pook na ito ay sa mga sanga pa rin daw nito nakita ang imahe ng Birhen ng Antipolo matapos ang tatlong ulit na pagkawala nito sa pook ng Sitio Santa Cruz na unang pinagdalhan sa kanya, humigit-kumulang sa tatlong daan at pitumpo at siyam na taon na ang nakalilipas.
Bunga ng pangyayari, sa pook na iyon na ngayon ay kinatatayuan ng Antipolo Cathedral ay ipinagawa ng mga paring Hesuita ang simbahang bato noong 1630-1633 na sa kasamaang palad ay nawasak noong Marso 6-7, 1945 sa panahon ng pagtatapos ng Ikalawang Digmaang Pandaigdig sa Pasipiko.
Ayon pa rin sa nabanggit na mga aklat ang punong kahoy na ito ay hindi lamang sa pook ng Antipolo matatagpuan. Maging sa mga lalawigan ng bansa buhat sa Cagayan hanggang Mindanao ay marami din nito. At sa bawat bayan o lalawigan ay may kanya-kanyang katawagan (common name) ito na gaya ng tipulo, tipolo, pakak, kamangsi, rima, ugob, pakak-bakia, tuyop, kamanse, dalungian, agob, basara, tagob, tugob, atipuno, antipolo, at iba pa.
Sinasabi pa rin sa nabanggit na mga aklat na ang mga punong kahoy na kapamilya ng Antipolo Tree ay ang Anubing (Artocarpus Cumingiana) at ang Nangka (Artocarpus entergra/integrefolia).
Sa ibang lalawigan ay sinasabi rin na kinakain ang murang bunga nito sa pamamagitan ng pagsasama sa nilagang karne. Ang magulang na mga buto naman ay ibinubusa na 'tulad ng balatong. Subalit dito sa Lungsod ng Antipolo ay hindi kinakain ito. Ang tuyong dahon laman nito, kasama ang tuyong dahon din ng abocado at sariwang dahon naman ng pandan ay isinasama sa pinakulo o nilagang tsaa upang maging mabango at malinamnam ang lasa.
Samantala, sa pahina 162 ng The heritage Illustrated Dictionary of the English Language International Edition, na ang punong kahoy na Artocarpus Cummunis ( or A. Incisa) ng pook ng Polynesia ay ang tinatawag na Breadfruit. Subalit sa pahina 158 naman ng The New International Encyclopedia 1996 Edition published by Triden Press International ay sinasabi na sa South Pacific ang Breadfruit nila ay ang Artocarpus Atilus na kapamilya ng mga puno ng mulberry ay kinakain ang bunga. Marami rin daw ang tumutubo nito sa tropical America. Kung ano ang pagkakahawig, pagkakamukha, o pagkakaiba ng mga iyon sa ating Antipolo Tree ay malalaman natin sa ibang pagkakataon.
Samantala pa rin, sa gitna ng kahalagahan ng Antipolo Tree, ang lahat halos ng sektor ng mga mamamayan ng Lungsod ng Antipolo ay waring walang pagmamalasakit dito. Katunayan, samantalang isinusulat ito, humigit-kumulang lamang marahil sa bilang na limampu ang natitirang tumutubo doon na halos walang pumapansin liban kung ang lilim nito ay gagawing pananggalang sa init ng araw at mga bahagyang pag-ambon.
Sa liwasang bayan ng Lungsod ng Antipolo, lubhang napakahirap paniwalaan subalit tutoo, wala kahit isang puno ng Antipolo Tree ang nakatanim o tumutubo dito. Maging sa mga lote ng pribado at publikong paaralan dito sa Antipolo ay mahirap makakita ng kahit isang Antipolo Tree na tumutubo doon. Kung mayroon man, napaguusapan kaya ng mga guro at mga estudyante nila ang tungkol sa punong kahoy na ito?
Sa gilid ng open space na kinaroroonan ng basketball court ng Monte Rosas Executive Village sa Barangay Dela Paz ay may dalawang puno ng Antipolo Tree na itinanim ng inyong lingkod walong taon na ang nakalilipas. Napakaganda ng tubo, malilim at malaking kasiyahan ang naidudulot nito sa mga naninirahan doon lalo na sa kanilang mga kabataan.
Sa tabi ng gusali ng yumaong Francisco 'komong' Sumulong sa Ninoy Aquino Blvd., Barangay Dela Paz na kung saan naroroon ang tanggapan ng DENR, ay isang magandang puno ng Antipolo Tree ang matatagpuan. Iyon ay kaloob ng iyong lingkod kay Ka Aging Reyes Sumulong walong taon na ang nakalilipas.
Maidadagdag pa rin natin dito na sa tabi ng Barangay Hall ng Dalig ay isang napakaganda ring Antipolo Tree ang itinanim ni Kapitan Engineer Loni M. Leyva. Gayon din sa tabi ng magandang tahanan nina Doktora Resurrection Marrero-Acop, MD sa Barangay Dela Paz; Dr. Juan F. Torres Jr. MD sa Cottonwood Height; at Rico Naidas sa tabi ng kanilang Las Brisas Hotel & Conference Center malapit sa Beverly Hills.
Sa mga taga-Antipolo, matapat nating pahalagahan ang puno ng Tipulo, ang Antipolo Tree, na luntiang simbulo ng maluwalhating kaysaysayan, kultura, at mga tradisyon ng ating Lungsod.
Ang punong kahoy na ito na ayon sa kasaysayan ay malaganap na tumutubo sa lahat halos ng panig ng Antipolo apat na raang taon na ang nakalilipas ay unang nakilala sa kanyang pang agham na pangalang (scientific name) Artocarpus Incisa. Subalit sa mga aklat na The Forest of the Philippines ni H.N. Whitford noong 1911; Commercial Woods of the Philippines ni E.G. Schneider; Minor Product of Philippine Forest ni William H. Brown noong 1920 ng Bureau of Forestry; gayon din sa aklat na Philippine Woods ni Luis J. Reyes ng Department of Agriculture and Commerce noong 1938 ay sinasabing Artocarpus Cummunis.
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